The beauty and cosmetics industry is full of ingredients, terms and phrases that it’s tough to keep track of it all. This is why I’ve compiled a small list of The ABC’s Of Skincare in hopes that you’ll have something to refer to when you get stumped across a word on an ingredient label on your next skincare purchase. The world of beauty if full of things that most of the time people, like myself, can’t understand them because its like a foreign language to us! That is why I wanted to spend sometime doing my research and developing a list for myself to share with you guys!
Retinol, Glycerin, Kinetin, Niacinamide! What do these all mean? Are they an ingredient? Are they all natural or artificial? What will this do to my skin? Is it safe? These are probably all very common questions you ask yourself when you come across ingredients like the ones I just listed. Well as I’ve mentioned already, I’ve developed a list of The ABC’s Of Skincare that I thought would be beneficial to share with you. Now this doesn’t even cover nearly a third of the ingredients in the beauty industry, however, I’ve come to discover that this list can become most beneficial to you!
What Are The ABC’s Of Skincare?
Here I present to you what I think are important parts of skincare in The ABC’s Of Skincare:
Amino Acids: The building blocks of the proteins collagen and elastin, which help give your skin its structural support.
Bioflavonoids: Contains potent antioxidant powers derived from plant pigments. Essential for the stability and adsorption of antioxidants, such as Vitamin C. Often found in fruits like apricots, cherries, cantaloupe, papaya and many more.
Collagen: Makes up to 80% of your skin and gives its firmness and strength. This can naturally break down overtime, but certain ingredients can stimulate new collagen production.
Dimethicone: A form of silicone that hydrates and protects your skin; often found in oil free moisturizers. This functions as a skin protectant and is also used for its smooth, non-greasy feel.
Elastin: A protein found in the dermis that keeps skin from sagging and wrinkling, helps to maintain skin’s elasticity and firmness.
Free Radicals: These are chemicals that destroy collagen and lead to wrinkles, lines, etc. There are two types of free radicals, those triggered by your body and those sparked by the sun and other environmental factors, such as smoke or pollution.
Glycerin: An effective humectant that is present in natural lipids. Attracts water to skin to maintain balance. Forms a natural barrier that keeps moisture in and skin smooth.
Hyaluronic Acid: It helps to increase skin’s moisture content and prevent water loss. Is often used as a great conditioner and humectant and helps to prevent dehydration.
Isoflavones: Antioxidant rich plant hormones, usually derived from soybeans; used to promote and help fight visible damage caused by free radicals.
Jojoba Oil: Extracted from the desert shrub and works best to hydrate without clogging your pores. Very similar to skin’s natural oil.
Kinetin: A hydrating compound found in plants that encourage cell division. This is a popular anti-aging ingredient to eliminate wrinkling and even out skin tone/texture.
Lycopene: This is an antioxidant that is found in tomatoes, watermelon, carrots and even chicken; which helps to protect skin from sun damage when consumed orally or applied topically.
Melanin: This is what gives your hair, skin and eyes their color.
Niacinamide: Helps to strength the skin’s outer layers, improves elasticity and curbs redness and irritation. Another form of vitamin B3.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids: This is an essential fatty acid found in fish, nuts and certain oils, and helps to maintain function of cell membranes throughout the body, preserving cells’ ability to take in nutrients, dispose of waste, and hold onto water.
Peptides: Consisting of amino acids that promote collagen growth and helps repair skin.
Retinol: Derived from Vitamin A and used in many anti-aging products to stimulate the turnover of skin cells and increase collagen production. This helps to combat erosion of both collagen and elastin.
SPF (Sun Protection Factor): This number references a sunscreen’s ability to screen out the sun’s “burning” UVB rays. This is determined by contrasting the amount of time needed to produce a sunburn on protected skin to the amount of time needed to cause a sunburn on unprotected skin.
Titanium Dioxide: An earth mineral used in sunscreens that is capable of blocking both UVA and UVB rays.
UVA Rays: This is the wavelength of ultraviolet light that leads to signs of aging by destroying existing collagen and elastin within the skin and undermining the body’s ability to create more of each. These rays can cause skin cancer, which is generated by tanning beds.
Vitamin C: This is an antioxidant that boosts collagen production and inhibits pigment formation. It’s an unstable antioxidant and breaks down quickly when exposed to light and air.
Water: Deionized, distilled or purified, it’s often used as a vehicle to deliver other ingredients into the skin.
Yeast: Used as a water-binding agent and antioxidant.
Zinc Oxide: An earth mineral that provides protection from the sun and other irritants. When used in sunscreens, it reflects both UVA and UVB rays.