Are you often looking in the mirror and wondering why the skin around your eyes is beginning to age way faster than the rest of your face? The process of aging on this are of our skin around our eyes can often make us look tired and exhausted even when we are completely opposite of that feeling! This area of our skin displays expression and emotions that are an important part of our individuality. Proper and early care of this area can provide long term benefits. Typically, the changes around the eyes can have functional, cosmetic and psychological ramifications.
Because we experience early signs of aging around the eyes is because that area of skin is ten times thinner than the skin on the face. Just like the rest of our skin, it loses elasticity and becomes even thinner due to a breakdown of collagen. This can be further aggravated by sun exposure, smoking, and other environmental exposures. The skin around our eyes is constantly moving, blinking alone produces 10,000 movements per day. By doing other facial movements and expression such as smiles, squinting, and stress can also effect the eye area creating fine lines or crows feet.
What Is The Anatomy Of The Skin Around Your Eyes?
This area of our body is unique to our face and body. In order for you to properly care for the skin around the eyes, it’s very important to understand the skin around your eyes from the anatomy to the process of skin cell renewal.
Just like underneath your eyes, your eyelids are composed of several layers. The deepest being the subcutaneous layer, which contains a muscle that allows your eyelid to move. The next layer of skin is the dermis, which forms the support layer of the skin and is made up of threadlike proteins. The top layer or the epidermis layer is made up of basal cells, melanocytes, langerhans cells and keratincytes.
Basal cells reproduce new cells every few days. These cells migrate upward, they become drier and flatter. Once they cells reach the surface they are no longer alive, and are referred to as corneocytes. The process of basal cells turning into corneocytes is what gives the epidermis the ability to regenerate itself. This skin renewal process is known as desquamation. This is an ongoing process that takes about two weeks in a young person, and significantly longer – about 37 days for individuals over 50.
How To Care For The Skin Around Your Eyes?
As I previously mentioned, because this is the thinner area of skin on your face, it tends to be the first place to show signs of aging. Thus, extra care needs to be taken when choosing a skincare product. The first thing to look for is that the product be oil free. Products containing oil increase the likelihood of clogged glands around the eyes that can lead to styes and other ocular problems. Common skin exfoliants are alpha hydroxy acids, often referred to as AHA’s. They are a group of naturally occurring substances found in a variety of fruits, sugar cane, and milk. They can cause a loosening of the outer dead cell layers, which leads to exfoliation. Other ingredients such as, moisturizers, antioxidant vitamins and herbal extracts are important for caring for the skin around your eyes.